Nanosecond and femtosecond laser ablation of brass: Particulate and ICPMS measurements

Publication Type

Journal Article

LBNL Report Number

LBNL-54108

Abstract

Femtosecond and nanosecond lasers were compared for ablating brass alloys. All operating parameters from both lasers were equal except for the pulse duration. The ablated aerosol vapor was collected on silicon substrates for particle size measurements or sent into an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. The diameters and size distribution of particulates were measured from scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of the collected ablated aerosol. SEM measurements showed that particles ablated using nanosecond pulses were single spherical entities ranging in diameter from several micrometers to several hundred nanometers. Primary particles ablated using femtosecond ablation were similar to100 am in diameter but formed large agglomerates. ICPMS showed enhanced signal intensity and stability using femtosecond compared to nanosecond laser ablation

Journal

Analytical Chemistry

Volume

76

Year of Publication

2004

Pagination

379-383

Accession Number

158