Widening Electrochemical Window of Mg Salt by Weakly Coordinating Perfluoroalkoxyaluminate Anion for Mg Battery Electrolyte

Publication Type

Journal Article

Date Published

04/2019

Abstract

Energy storage concepts based on multivalent ion chemistries, such as Mg2+, promise very high volumetric energy density, however require improvements in electrolyte (Mg salt and solvent) electrochemical window to reach their full potential. Hypothetically the window of Mg salt could be widened by disfavoring the cathodic decomposition pathway of a thermodynamically and anodically stable anion, rendering it kinetically inert toward Mg+-mediated reduction. Computational and electrochemical analyses on Mg[TPFA]2([TPFA] = [Al{OC(CF3)3}4]) support this hypothesis, and showcase a widened electrochemical window as a result of mitigated cathodic decomposition as well as enhanced anodic stability from electron-withdrawing CF3 groups. Detailed NMR and IR spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy further support that the weak coordination to Mg2+ in solution is important for maintaining the wide electrochemical window of Mg salt.

Journal

Journal of The Electrochemical Society

Volume

166

Year of Publication

2019

Short Title

J. Electrochem. Soc.

Refereed Designation

Refereed

Pagination

A1510 - A1519

Issue

8

ISSN

0013-4651