Rational Design and Facial Synthesis of Li3V2(PO4)3@C Nanocomposites Using Carbon with Different Dimensions for Ultrahigh-Rate Lithium-Ion Batteries

Publication Type

Journal Article

Date Published

06/2015

Abstract

Li3V2(PO4)3 (LVP) particles dispersed in different inorganic carbons ([email protected]) have been successfully synthesized via an in situ synthesis method. The inorganic carbon materials with different dimensions including zero-dimensional Super P (SP) nanospheres, one-dimensional carbon nanotubes (CNTs), two-dimensional graphene nanosheets, and three-dimensional graphite particles. The effects of carbon dimensions on the structure, morphology, and electrochemical performance of [email protected] composites have been systematically investigated. The carbon materials can maintain their original morphology even after oxidation (by NH4VO3) and high-temperature sintering (850 °C). [email protected] exhibits the best electrochemical performances among all of the samples. At an ultrahigh discharge rate of 100C, it presents a discharge capacity of 91.94 mAh g–1 (69.13% of its theoretical capacity) and maintains 79.82% of its original capacity even after 382 cycles. Its excellent electrochemical performance makes [email protected] a promising cathode candidate for lithium-ion batteries.

Journal

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces

Volume

7

Year of Publication

2015

Refereed Designation

Refereed

Pagination

12057-12066

ISBN Number

1944-8244
Research Areas